Between 2012 and 2014 we returned to the villages with a questionnaire asking residents to rank the impacts of climate change we found in 2010-2012 according to two different criteria - how obvious the climatic changes are and how disruptive they are. Results were published in Rosales and Chapman (2016) and summarize below.
Obvious climatic changes
The most obvious climatic changes in Shaktoolik are:
1. Change in the intensity of storms;
2. Change along the coast, such as erosion; and
3. Changes in weather patterns.
Changes to the sea ice as the least obvious category in Shaktoolik. The most obvious climatic changes in Savoonga are sea ice and coastal changes, with changes in weather patterns and the tundra being the least obvious categories of change.
Disruptive climatic changes
The most disruptive change in Shaktoolik is the change in storm intensity, and to a lesser extent changes along the coast and to weather patterns. Changes on the tundra tended to be the least disruptive in Shaktoolik. The most disruptive change in Savoonga is also the change in storm intensity and to a lesser extent changes to the sea ice, weather patterns, and tundra being disruptive as well.